10 Ways to Implement an Ironclad Safety Response Plan

safety response plan

So many things can go wrong at work. Spills, fires, natural disasters — these are just some of the most common hazards employees face every day. Without a safety response plan in place, protecting against those hazards can be tough.

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That said, a safety response plan should be written carefully. It should also address most threats to worker safety while being flexible enough to account for unforeseen hazards at the same time. With that in mind, here’s how to put together a safety response plan and what information to include in it.

1. Brainstorm all possible safety hazards.

What are the worst-case scenarios in your workplace? For example, if you work in the construction industry, you have to protect against falls, getting caught between objects, getting struck by objects, and electrocution. If you’ve already accounted for the most common hazards, consider other possible dangers at work.

Comb through previous safety reports. Ask employees about what makes them uneasy at work. Research how other companies have successfully dealt with safety hazards like the ones in your workplace. The more hazards you can account for, the better your response plan will be.

2. Determine the scope of your plan.

At the same time, there should be a limit to what the safety response plan covers. Otherwise, the plan will never be finished and if it is, it might not be as focused as you’d like.

Think about whether the plan applies to day-to-day operations or to specific scenarios, or both. In construction, for example, emergency action plans are usually drawn up per project. You can write a more comprehensive plan if you like, but that’s up to you.

3. Come up with general emergency response procedures.

Of course, different safety hazards call for different measures, which should also be factored into your safety response plan. But in general, employees should remember the following when handling emergencies:


  • Stay calm. A relaxed mind is a clear mind.
  • Size up the situation. Is it a “real” emergency that needs special attention or a minor one that can be resolved without outside help?
  • Take charge. Given the current situation, what are the next steps to take? Ideally, the most senior employee on the scene should make the first move.
  • Offer protection. How can the emergency victim avoid further harm or injury?
  • Aid and manage. How else can you help the victim?
  • Maintain contacts. Always keep emergency numbers on speed dial.
  • Guide emergency services. Once the people in charge of emergencies are on the field, bring them to the victim ASAP.

If there’s more than one type of emergency at any one time (e.g. oil spills that lead to fires), outline which one to address first in your plan. Consult with experts on how to handle multiple related emergencies. Use your best judgment on a case-by-case basis.

4. Establish a clear chain of command.

To whom should employees report an emergency? At least one person should be responsible for coordinating efforts to handle a crisis. In case that person happens to be unavailable, employees should have a backup contact to turn to. And if that backup is unavailable as well, employees should have another backup, and so on and so forth.

At the very least, employees should know the following about their emergency contacts:

  • Name
  • Work address
  • Contact number
  • Title
  • Department

5. Set up an emergency alert system.

You can only alert so many employees by word of mouth. To make sure everyone is warned as soon as an emergency happens, set up alarms that comply with OSHA standards set under Section 1910.165.

Don’t forget to account for employees with disabilities or employees who won’t be able to respond as soon as the alarms sound. Set up tactile alarm systems for them or come up with other ways to alert them that don’t involve audio or visual cues.  

6. Make sure all personnel are accounted for when emergencies happen.

Where emergencies take place, confusion follows. Once the chaos settles down, do a headcount of all employees. This way, it’ll be easier to determine whether the emergency is an isolated incident or if there are other workers who need help.

7. Plan rescue and medical operations.

Train employees on basic first-aid and equip them with the necessary supplies. Put first-aid kits in places that are safely and easily accessible during an emergency. Make sure workers know where the kits are and what procedures they need to follow to access the kits, if any.

Keep in mind that even with training, you can only give so much help to emergency victims. It’s better to leave the more complicated rescue and medical operations to those who have the training, equipment, and certification to administer them. Be clear about who does what in your safety response plan.

8. Equip workers with the tools to deal with emergencies.

Aside from first-aid kits, employees should have the equipment to avoid emergencies from the start. In construction, for instance, workers are required to wear hard hats, safety goggles, and other special equipment to lessen the chances of injury and accidents.

Also, employees should know where to go in case of emergencies. They should know where fire exits are, what routes to take towards them, and any alternate routes if they exist. The more they know about these, the easier it’ll be for them to do the right thing when it counts.

9. Train employees to deal with emergencies.

Once the safety response plan is finalized, let employees know as soon as possible. Set aside a regular period to brief them on safety response procedures. Re-train them whenever the procedures are revised or a new employee arrives. Reward those who go out of their way to know the procedures inside and out.

10. Have your plan reviewed by a third party.

After wrapping up the draft of the safety response plan, have it looked at by reliable third parties. Check whether the plan complies with existing rules and regulations. Consult companies that deal with safety protocols in your industry.


With these tips, putting together a safety response plan shouldn’t be a problem. The more prepared you are, the safer your workers (and you) will be.



Dakota Safety specializes in providing passive fall protection systems and safety products for clients all across America. They are based in Saint Paul, Minnesota. If you have questions about safety in your facility? Give Dakota Safety a call today.  


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5 Awesome Vehicle Upcycles You Have to See to Believe

vehicle upcycle

Upcycling is all the rage in interior design, landscaping, and sometimes, even in fashion. Visionaries are taking existing pieces and repurposing them into something new.

Today, many people are getting in on the refurbishing trend by taking salvage pieces or entire old vehicles and repurposing them by giving them a completely new look and life.

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Here are 5 unique vehicle conversions that take upcycling to a new level.

1. A School Bus Into a Mobile Cabin

If you’re going to convert any type of used vehicle, an old school bus is an awesome canvas to start with. That’s what Hank Butitta chose to begin his final dissertation project. He succeeded in converting a school bus into his very own mobile cabin.

Butitta set out with a creative vision and a $3,000 retired school bus. He gutted the inside and replaced the seats with a simple, modular interior that acted as a compartmented living space. He then created dedicated bathroom and kitchen areas. Butitta also set up two other spaces that can be reconfigured depending on the number of people on board.

In the seating area, tables and chairs can be set up for eating. When this space is not needed, they can be folded away. Overnight guests can be accommodated in the same space as the table also converts into a queen bed.

The main sleeping area is at the rear of the bus, which also has varying setup options. Guests can sleep on two twin beds or push the beds together to expand into a queen. While this space is great as a small cabin, it’s also still completely operational as a vehicle and transports Butitta and his friends around the country.


2. An REO Speedwagon Into a Pizza Food Truck

Restaurants and food truck connoisseurs are standing out and taking their industry by storm as they repurpose vintage vehicles and convert them into incredible mobile food trucks and catering businesses. Classic vehicle conversions give these foodies a new type of brand identity and electrifying differentiation among their competitors.

One such company is Nomad Pizza, a pizza chain based in New Jersey and Pennsylvania. They’ve put their catering business on the radar with a stunning refurbishment of a 1940s REO Speedwagon as their mobile pizza truck.

At the heart of the truck is a classic wood-burning brick pizza oven that churns out fresh, organic Neapolitan-style pizza. Nomad also installed professional-grade restaurant equipment in the truck, including a refrigerator, two sinks, a hot water system, prep tables, and more. Today, the truck is the centerpiece of their thriving catering business.

3. A Mass Transit Vehicle Into a Mobile Tech Classroom

City buses also make great vehicle conversion projects, which is exactly what Alex Jacobson and Ryan Kalb discovered when they purchased a mass transit bus for an ambitious project. Jacobson and Kalb, both computer and electrical engineering students at Oregon State University, agreed on an idea to convert a city bus into a mobile tech classroom.

Thanks to the spacious nature of city buses, the team has a ton of options on how best to equip their mobile classroom. Jacobson and Kalb started their project by removing all traces of the bus’s seating and former life from its interior, creating a fresh, blank canvas. They’ve been working on adding components to their mobile tech classroom, like video screens, monitors, and networking capabilities.

They initially began the project to help promote education in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics – or STEM – fields. The idea is that with a mobile tech classroom, the team can bring digital resources to schools and districts that may not have the supplies or capabilities to further their students’ tech skills. When complete, the bus will bring learning for the 21st century to schools all throughout Oregon.

STEM bus

To learn more about Project M.E.L., follow them on Facebook.

4. An Ambulance Into a Travel Camper

Their dream of creating a travel camper with a unique, vintage look became a reality when the Lindner family bought an old ambulance on eBay. After completely stripping the truck of its original interior, the Lindners went to work, creating a living space they could take with them on the road.

The vehicle’s classic 1960’s-style exterior was preserved and incorporated into the completed camper van’s interior furnishings. Chic white paneling was installed throughout the inside of the van, giving the living space a fresh look.

Seating benches in natural wood and pale blue were added to accommodate the family’s 4 children. Thanks to the van’s former working life as an ambulance, there is plenty of room for adults to move around inside the living quarters.

The family plans to take their new rig to various caravan parks throughout the UK.



5. A Fire Truck to a Rugged RV

Off-roading enthusiast Jan van Haandel was searching for a way to exercise his passion for adventure with a recreational vehicle or mobile home. When he couldn’t find what he was looking for, he decided to create it. His solution? He purchased an old fire truck in his native Netherlands and began an ambitious project to design a perfect off-roading RV.

The truck had plenty of space and unlimited potential for an interesting vehicle upcycle project. Van Haandel started by removing the truck box and replacing it with one of his own design. He then added a bathroom, a water system, a working kitchen, a dining area, an entertainment center, and a sleeping space.

Once his truck conversion was done, he could finally satisfy his craving for comfortable off-roading with his one-of-a-kind RV.



A vehicle upcycle project is a great way to show off your imagination and take your ideas to the next level. All you need is a vision and a solid, working used vehicle to get started on making your dreams come true.

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Section 179 Tax Code: Cash In Before This Year’s End

save business taxes

Every business owner knows the many challenges that come with running a successful company. Organizations that are small and independent have to juggle an array of costs associated with doing business.

If you own a small business, you’ve probably had to deal with the problem of the increasing cost of supplies and raw materials as market conditions fluctuate. Energy costs have risen in many parts of the country and higher wage requirements have put a strain on small businesses. It’s also necessary at some point to invest in new equipment for upgrades and expansion.     

There are a few ways to manage the high cost of essential machinery and tools for your line of work. One easy and popular method to help increase your bottom line comes with tallying your tax bill each year. While you’ll still have to calculate your yearly corporate taxes every April, you can relieve some of the burden by itemizing your business expenses.

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Another way you can specifically lower your business’s tax bill is by using the Section 179 form when you file your annual taxes. Section 179 offers small business owners a way to save money, sometimes in consecutive tax years, on pricey items by allowing them to deduct the full cost of equipment and other business purchases. This way, you don’t have to go with the typical deduction for business purchases involving depreciation and capitalization reporting.

Here are some other things to know about Section 179 before you compile your tax forms for this year.

Does Your Business Qualify?

The first thing to figure out with this deduction is whether or not your business is eligible to use it. If you operate a small business, chances are you qualify. Additionally, any equipment you want to claim on your tax form for the year must not add up to more than $2 million. Both new and used equipment purchases for your operation can be added to a Section 179 deduction.

It is, however, required that your equipment is used for at least 50% of its lifespan for business purposes. So, if you are trying to deduct the cost of your vehicle, it must primarily be a company or fleet vehicle instead of a personal one.

What Kinds of Costs Can Be Deducted?

Any business equipment that you purchased and started using during the calendar year for which you are filing your taxes can be claimed as part of this specific deduction. Some examples of items used for the Section 179 deduction include:

  • Office furniture
  • Equipment
  • Machinery
  • Vehicles
  • Computer hardware
  • Computer software

Some other types of items you purchase for your business can sometimes be used for the Section 179 deduction, depending on the specifics and your usage. For example, real property can be eligible if it’s a restaurant, retail or another qualifying business. Heating and air conditioning unit purchases may also be eligible if they are portable or primarily for a business property.

There are certain types of equipment that are never eligible for receiving this deduction. Paved areas or parking lots cannot be deducted with this form. Items located outside of the United States are not eligible and gifted or inherited items or property cannot be claimed.

What Are the Limits?

Over the past few years, Congress has consistently passed tax relief and stimulus bills to keep these limits attractive to business owners. Though, like most types of deductions used in corporate expensing for tax purposes, there are some limits to the Section 179 form. At the time of this publication, you can deduct up to $500,000 for your annual purchases. As previously mentioned, equipment purchases must not add up to more than $2 million.

Equipment purchases should be kept separate from other business expenses. When you separate your costs, you may be able to take advantage of additional savings by deducting the equipment’s depreciation value in the tax years after your initial purchase. This means you can continue to recoup some of the cost of your investment.

How Can You Use This Deduction This Year?

If you want to get in on the tax relief that thousands of small business owners have already taken advantage of, elect to take this deduction when you file your end-of-year taxes.

First, you’ll need to fill out the top part of form 4562. Use this form along with your regular tax filing forms.

It may be wise to get help preparing your business taxes if you’re not sure what needs to be done. You’ll also be better prepared for a potential audit if you seek some tax assistance. Of course, you can try purchasing business tax software to make your filing woes less expensive and easier to manage. But if you have a lot of complex situations and need more advice, try hiring a professional accountant.

Section 179 Deduction Benefits You

While it may seem complex and time-consuming to review your business spending and to check to see if you qualify for this deduction, the end result could greatly help your business’s financial state.

For one thing, using the Section 179 deduction can help you manage the cost of buying new or used equipment. This gives you an incentive to go forward with investing in upgrades and developing your business.

As the year is drawing to a close, don’t forget to take a look at your business’s annual spending to see if there are any opportunities to get some of your investment back. By designating these purchases as expenses, you may be able to help keep up with some of the rising costs of running your company. Remember, you can also claim depreciation on many of these costs, making it an even better idea to elect to take the Section 179 deduction.

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Harley-Davidson Through the Years

Harley-Davidson history

If there’s one motorcycle brand that’s unmistakably American, it’s Harley-Davidson. Despite the Great Depression, economic crises, and numerous restructurings, the iconic company has managed to survive and pump out motorcycles that attract loyal fans the world over. Even in this age of outsourcing, Harley-Davidson is notable for manufacturing its bikes domestically, with only two assembly plants located outside the U.S.

Like most success stories, Harley-Davidson had humble beginnings. In this rundown through the years, we’ll look at how a backyard enterprise of 3 young men became a motorcycle giant.

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When William S. Harley was 20 years old, he decided to build a motorbike powerful enough to climb the hills of Milwaukee. With the help of brothers Arthur and Walter Davidson, Harley worked on his bike for two years until it was completed in 1903. After they tested it, however, they found the bike needed more pedal pushing from the rider than they felt necessary, and the model was scrapped.

At the time, Harley and the Davidson brothers were only one of many small motorcycle producers. Among these producers was the Indian Motorcycle Company, which would later become Harley-Davidson’s biggest competitor.

To stay ahead of the curve, Harley and the Davidson brothers constantly refined their bikes. By 1904, the men produced 8 motorcycles, which doubled to 16 in 1905, and jumped up to 50 in 1906. From this, the Harley-Davidson Motor Company was born.

In 1907, Harley-Davidson introduced the V-Twin motor, which would eventually become the company’s trademark. The first V-Twin motors essentially doubled the power of Harley-Davidson’s early bikes, though it was later pulled out due to several issues. Four years later, an improved version of the V-Twin was launched. Although it was smaller, it performed better than its predecessor.


Harley-Davidson history

Courtesy of Arild Vågen


Between 1910 and 1930, Harley-Davidson pioneered several innovations to strengthen its lineup, including clutches, chain drives, two-speed rear hubs, and three-speed transmissions. By 1914, the company outstripped Indian in the production of racing units, and within 6 years, Harley-Davidson became the world’s largest motorcycle manufacturer.

The Depression

In 1931, Harley-Davidson launched the Model D, one of the first Harleys to have a flathead V-Twin engine. The engine was so versatile, it stayed in production until the 1970s. Although flatheads were initially less efficient, they were also easier to maintain, and eventually became just as powerful as overhead-valve and F-head configurations.


Harley-Davidson history

Courtesy of Lars-Göran Lindgren Sweden


Unfortunately, Harley-Davidson hit a roadblock during the Great Depression when sales fell from around 20,000 in 1929 to a little over 3,700 in 1933. Competitors went bankrupt one by one, but Harley-Davidson used it as an opportunity to cater to clients looking for new motorcycles. Along with Indian, Harley-Davidson was one of only two motorcycle manufacturers to survive the Depression era.

Realizing they had to do more to stay competitive, Harley-Davidson introduced the 61 OHV motor in 1936. Better known as the “Knucklehead,” the 61 OHV’s valve covers resembled a boxer’s closed fists and lasted for only 12 years on the market. Still, the Knucklehead would become the basis for all the “Big Twins” in the years to come.


Harley-Davidson history

Courtesy of Jean-Luc


The War Years

Granted, “Big Twins” had been in Harley-Davidson’s production line years before the war. But when the company incorporated an overhead valve into its design, along with a 4-speed transmission and the tank-mounted instrument panel, the designations changed. The Big Twins became the U-series, and the Forty-fives became the W-series.

When World War II broke out, Harley-Davidson produced 88,000 military versions of the Forty-five, known as WLAs. They also created 1,000 units of flathead twins specially designed for desert use, though these never saw action on the battlefield.


Harley-Davidson history

Courtesy of Joost J. Bakker


The 1950s

As Harley-Davidson continued to update the Knucklehead and Big Twins, it also kept releasing new products into the market. The 1951 Police Special, for example, proved to be a hit with law enforcement agencies. The “Panhead” also debuted in 1948, as did the Hydra-Glides in 1949.

These technological innovations weren’t the biggest news at the time, however. In 1953, Harley’s closest competitor, Indian, finally ceased operations. Several companies would attempt to revive it in the succeeding decades, until Indian was finally bought out by Polaris Industries in 2011.

But Harley’s ride wasn’t smooth-sailing, either. Foreign competitors began to pour into the U.S. market and Harley-Davidson tried to keep up with innovations by introducing models like the S-125 two-stroke single, the 1952 K-series, and the Duo-Glide.

The 1960s – 1970s

As foreign motorcycle companies took up more and more of the U.S. market share, Harley-Davidson offered its stock publicly for the first time in 1965. A year later, the “Shovelhead” was introduced, replacing the “Panhead” and becoming the standard engine for Harleys until the 1980s.

Despite these efforts, Harley-Davidson still hemorrhaged cash. Even though the company eventually merged with sporting goods producer American Machine and Foundry (AMF), sales were still lackluster in the 1970s due to the presence of cheaper, better-quality Japanese motorcycles.  

The future wasn’t all bleak for Harley-Davidson, however. The FX Super Glide debuted in 1971, and while it wasn’t a resounding success, it inspired future motorbike models that Harley-Davidson still maintains in its lineup, such as the current FXD series.   


Harley-Davidson history

Courtesy of snobjs81


The 1980s – 1990s

When Harley-Davidson’s management realized that AMF was more of a liability than an asset, they bought back $75 million worth of shares from the company in 1981. Under the management of Harley executive Vaughn Beals, the company began to rehabilitate itself.

During the 1980s, Harley-Davidson ramped up efforts to fund product development and control quality. Additionally, the launch of the Evolution V2 (more popularly known as the “Evo”) in 1984 and the “Fat Boy” in 1990 proved to be a turning point in Harley-Davidson’s fortunes, as the latter would propel the company to the position of top motorcycle manufacturer in the world.  


Harley-Davidson continues to innovate. For example, there’s the Electronic Fuel Injection (EFI) motor, which became standard for all Harley motorcycles since the 2007 product line. Harley-Davidson also licenses and markets merchandise like clothes, home decor, accessories, toys, and even video games like Harley Davidson: Road Trip.


Harley-Davidson has come a long way. Although the secret to its mystique is hard to pin down, Harley’s resilience and ability to keep up with change make it the quintessential American brand. The company has survived more than a hundred years of setbacks and challenges, and it’ll likely survive for a hundred more.

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Understanding Truck Classification

truck classification

When you choose a truck, you don’t just pick the best-looking model from the lot. You also consider other factors, like the specs of the truck, the terrain it’s built to drive over, and the truck’s ability to do the job you have in mind.

Of a truck’s specs — whether you use it for home improvement or you’re hauling massive loads across the country — weight is one of the most important.

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Why Does a Truck’s Weight Matter?

Before you buy a truck, one of the first things you should check is the truck’s Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR). Simply put, the GVWR is how heavy the truck will be after it’s loaded with cargo, fuel, and passengers. Neither the truck’s appearance nor its technology (or lack thereof) factor into the GVWR. Only the truck’s total operating weight — that is, the truck’s weight while being used or driven on the road — counts.

So why all the fuss over weight? Here are the main reasons.

  • The US government regulates trucks according to weight. If a truck’s GVWR is more than 10,001 pounds, it needs to have a USDOT number so it can be tracked and inspected for safety’s sake. After all, most trucks travel on public roads and if anything happens because a truck is overloaded, responsibility needs to be assigned where responsibility is due.
  • If you drive a truck with a GVWR over 10,001 pounds, you need to follow all sorts of regulations to stay safe on the highway. For example, you should have your vehicle inspected at certain state stations along the road.  
  • Weight classes help you stay on the same page with truck dealers, repair crew, and other similar parties. If you take your vehicle to a service shop, it helps to know the difference between “light duty,” “medium duty,” and “heavy duty.” In case you add or replace any parts, you have to make sure those new parts won’t drastically affect the GVWR of your truck.

Types of Trucks

Officially, the government sorts trucks into 8 weight-based classes, although most people differentiate trucks according to whether they’re light, medium, or heavy duty. Since the government and common classes overlap, we’ll talk about both.

Light Duty

Class 1

Weight: 6,000 lbs. and lighter

Examples: Ford Ranger, Chevrolet Colorado, GMC Canyon, Dodge Dakota, Toyota Tacoma

These are the smallest and lightest trucks. They’re not much use for towing or hauling, but if you’re a homeowner or do-it-yourselfer, Class 1 trucks will be enough for you. SUVs and small pickup trucks fall under this category, as do some types of cargo vans and minivans.

Class 2

Weight: 6,001 – 10,000 lbs.

Examples: Chevrolet Silverado 1500, Chevrolet Silverado 2500, Dodge Ram 1500, Dodge Ram 2500, Ford F-150, Ford F-250, GMC Sierra 1500, Nissan Titan

Full-size or half-ton pickups are usually under Class 2. Class 2 trucks can haul between 2,000 and 3,000 pounds on their beds. Sometimes, this class is split into two more categories — Class 2a and 2b. Class 2a trucks have a GVWR of 6,001 to 8,500 pounds, while Class 2b trucks have a GVWR of 8,501 to 10,000 pounds.  

Class 3

Weight: 10,001 – 14,000 lbs.

Examples: Chevrolet Silverado 3500, Dodge Ram 3500, Ford E-350, Ford F-350, GMC Sierra 3500

If you have a heavy-duty pickup truck, chances are it’s a Class 3 truck. Class 3 trucks are often used for “work truck” jobs, “contractor truck” jobs, and the like. You can also put certain types of  walk-ins, city delivery trucks, and box trucks under this category.   

Medium Duty

Class 4

Weight: 14,001 – 16,000 lbs.

Examples: Dodge Ram 4500, Ford E-450, Ford F-450, GMC 4500

Of the medium duty trucks, Class 4 trucks are the lightest. You can spec them as you wish by adding “chassis cabs” to convert them into makeshift ambulances, box trucks, or wreckers. Bucket trucks, certain types of city delivery trucks, and large walk-ins belong to this category.  

Class 5

Weight: 16,001 – 19,500 lbs.

Examples: Dodge Ram 5500, Ford F-550, Freightliner M2 GMC 5500, International TerraStar

The job capabilities of Class 4 and Class 5 trucks tend to overlap a bit. Aside from Class 4 jobs, Class 5 trucks can also do construction and “fleet vehicle” work. This category includes all remaining bucket trucks, large walk-ins, and city delivery trucks.

Class 6

Weight: 19,501 – 26,000 lbs.

Examples: Chevrolet Kodiak (GMC TopKick) C6500, Ford F-650, Freightliner M2 106, International Durastar 4300

Beverage trucks, rack trucks, single-axle trucks, and school buses are some of the vehicles that fall under Class 6. They look and feel like Class 5 vehicles, except they can tow and haul heavier loads. In fact, you can spec Class 6 trucks to work almost as well as Class 7 and 8 vehicles.

Heavy Duty

Class 7

Weight: 26,001 – 33,000 lbs.

Examples: Ford F-750, GMC C7500, International WorkStar, Mack Granite

If you want to drive a Class 7 truck, you need a Class-B commercial driver’s license (CDL) as Class 7 drivers mostly work in heavy duty industries like construction, garbage collection, and livestock transportation. Vehicles under this category include tractors and city transit buses.

To get a CDL, visit your state’s DMV, ask for a Class-B CDL application form, and get ready for a written and a practical test. You will also be required to take a physical test (to make sure your eyes and ears are in good shape) every two years and be at least 21 years old to drive a commercial truck on interstate highways.    

Class 8

Weight: 33,001 lbs. and heavier

Examples: Tractor Trailer, 18-Wheelers

Of the trucks on this list, Class 8 trucks are one of the most common. Sleeper cabs, dump trucks, truck tractors, and cement trucks are examples of Class 8 vehicles.

Since Class 8 trucks are the biggest and heaviest of their kind, they require drivers to get a Class-A or Class-B CDL. Class-A CDLs are for combination vehicles like tractor-trailers, while Class-B CDLs are for non-combination vehicles.

There’s a lot of consideration that goes into buying a truck — there’s no doubt about that! By knowing what kind of jobs you intend to do and what kind of hauling, speed, and other capabilities you’ll need, you’ll be better able to choose the model and classification that’s right for you.

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John Deere through the Years

john deere history

For almost 200 years, John Deere has been creating some of the most powerful and original agricultural equipment in the world. It is one of the world’s most well-known brands, boasts a sterling reputation among its peers, and currently has 103 offices across more than 30 countries.

The son of a tailor, Deere first made a name for himself after becoming a blacksmith at 17. He later moved his family to Moline, Illinois in hopes of making a better life. It was in Moline that he developed his first machine… and the rest is history.

But what lies behind the success of the man and his succeeding products? Let’s examine how John Deere’s machines have changed through the years and how they’ve managed to always stay ahead of the curve.

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19th-20th Century

John Deere’s first product was his legendary plow. In fact, most of the products manufactured during the 19th century were plows and other similar implements for farming. The company’s first ridable farming vehicle developed during this timeframe was the Hawkeye Riding Cultivator.

Just after the turn of the century, the company started concentrating on its tractor business due to rising competition. Some of the notable Deere tractors manufactured during this time were:

The Waterloo Boy

In 1918, John Deere bought the maker of Waterloo Boy tractors. The tractor soon became the company’s basic and defining product.

john deere waterloo boy

John Deere Waterloo Boo courtesy of H. Zell

Model D

In 1923, Deere launched the Model “D.” The first 2-cylinder Waterloo-built tractor to bear the John Deere name, it was a success from its start and would stay in the product line for 30 years.

John Deere Model D

John Deere Model D courtesy of Artiez at the English language Wikipedia

Model “A” and Model “B”

Despite the Depression, the company emphasised product development. The Model “A” Tractor entered production. A similar but smaller Model “B” followed in 1935. These became the most popular tractors in the company’s history, remaining in the product line until 1952.

John Deere Model A

John Deere Model A courtesy of John Schanlaub

The “New Generation of Power”

In 1960, a new line of tractor models, known as the “New Generation of Power,” stole the show at Deere Day in Dallas. The launch was considered the most important change of the company’s products in 42 years. Some 6,000 people attended the sales meeting, including nearly all U.S. and Canadian industry dealers.

What made the new models special was the transformation from the traditional John Deere 2-cylinder machines to 4- and 6-cylinder tractors. They were much faster, more powerful, easier to use, and more comfortable. They also provided better visibility and seat suspension for operators.

John Deere New Generation of Power

John Deere New Generation of Power courtesy of Dual Freq

5000, 6000, and 7000 Series

In 1993, new 5000, 6000, and 7000 Series Tractors drove up market shares in North America and Europe. Competing among 20 contenders in Germany, Deere moved from third to first place in tractor sales. Sales of lawn and garden equipment topped $1 billion for the first time.

John Deere 5000 series

John Deere 5000 Series courtesy of Marie T

21st Century

After experiencing tremendous success in the late 1800s and throughout the 1900s, John Deere boldly ventured into other sectors.

The New Forestry Leader

In 2000, John Deere acquired the Timberjack Group from the Metso Corporation (formerly Rauma-Repola), a world-leading producer of forestry equipment. The purchase also included a separate company, Waratah, which produces a forestry harvester head that is capable of handling large and heavily-limbed trees.

This acquisition was a major step in the company’s vision to become the worldwide leader in the forestry business. It allowed the company to achieve cost savings in product design, manufacturing, and supply management; improve efficiencies; and enhance customer support capabilities. In 2005, Timberjack Oy was renamed John Deere Forestry Oy and trademarked as part of John Deere.  

John Deere forestry harvester

John Deere forestry harvester courtesy of Kaibab National Forest

A New Cotton Innovation

Cotton was the secret sauce to the burgeoning U.S. economy for decades. This staple commodity has been the reason for the creation of innovative cotton picking technologies and and techniques that make the industry what it is today.

Before the 1930s, cotton harvesting was done entirely by hand. In the late 1930s, Texas-born John Rust built the first “harvesting locomotive.” Though his machine was too expensive and unreliable, his idea ignited others to redesign a new, improved version. The cotton harvester entered a different phase in the 1950s, which gave birth to a machine that is closer to what we see today.

In 1980, John Deere introduced the first cotton picker that offered non-stop harvesting and higher quality cotton, reducing the need for additional equipment in the field.

Fast forward to the present day, John Deere’s harvesting machines are seen as the pinnacle of innovation, enabling almost zero manual labor to harvest cotton. This allows the company to maintain its #1 position in the industry.

john deere cotton harvester

John Deere cotton harvester courtesy of By David Nance, USDA ARS

Integrated Customer Solutions

Deere’s Intelligent Solutions Group adopted the “agile scrum methodology” – a popular work style and development process in the information technology field. This process consists of scores of “scrum” teams, or small groups, that focus intensively on collaborating and working on short-term projects in order to foster rapid innovation.

One of the major internal changes made by the company was the replacement of cubicles with rectangular tables in a benching layout that allows for instant interaction and communication between team members. This results in increased productivity and collaboration, which in turn allows the company to develop new, more effective technologies and solutions while decreasing their expenses.

With technological solutions that collect, transfer, store, and analyze data, John Deere can serve its customers to a greater degree by enabling workers to better address customer challenges.

Apart from heavy agricultural machinery, John Deere offers a wide range of products including riding mowers, utility vehicles, snow removal equipment, and all sorts of home workshop products.

What’s Next?

There’s a reason why John Deere has been called one of the most admired companies worldwide and has ranked as one of the 100 best global brands by a leading business-consulting firm. Its constant desire to innovate, improve, expand, and meet customer demand ranks it among the most respectable businesses in history.

John Deere will continue to expand its product line and bring new solutions to customers all over the world. What’s more, it will continue implementing cutting-edge technology while keeping a close eye on the traditions that defined it since its humble beginnings.

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6 Community Partnerships That Will Strengthen Your Landscaping Business

landscaping community

Landscaping and lawn care are services that take place behind the scenes in every garden and patch of grass, but are often glanced over and taken for granted. Schools, churches, parks, country clubs, community centers, businesses, and even government buildings all rely on local landscapers to keep their properties looking well-maintained and attractive.

Thanks to this widespread need for lawn care and landscaping services, there are plenty of opportunities for landscapers to form community partnerships and grow their businesses. From donating your time and services to a local charity organization to partnering with a neighborhood or homeowners association, community partnerships allow landscapers to share their work with their communities and develop trust with potential clients.  

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If you’re the owner of a landscaping or lawn care service, consider pursuing one of these 6 community partnership ideas to boost your local brand recognition and strengthen your business.

1. Environmental Conservation Centers

Landscaping does more than make front lawns look inviting; it can also play an important role in environmental health. Properly landscaped lawns can reduce runoff and soil erosion, and promote biodiversity.

Environmentally-conscious landscapers can plan their services strategically so as to minimize water usage and to conserve natural resources. They can also seek out the least toxic solutions to pest problems and use environmentally-friendly fertilizers and insecticides to reduce damage to the natural ecosystem.

For these reasons, many conservation centers and environmental protection organizations are interested in building alliances with local landscapers. They may provide support, tools, and education for green landscaping, and acknowledge your business as an ally to their cause. This can go a long way with today’s increasingly aware consumers.

2. Chambers of Commerce

Most local chambers of commerce are eager to support locally owned businesses in their communities. After all, supporting the economic health of their community is the primary reason why chambers of commerce exist. The level of support may vary, but they generally offer networking opportunities and educational classes, including free tools and resources for expanding your business. They may also assist with referrals or list your landscaping business as a recommended service on their site.

Best of all, there’s a good chance that the other businesses who have partnered with your local chamber of commerce will have landscaping needs of their own, creating an easy networking and growth opportunity.

3. Homeowners Associations

Local HOAs have a lot on their plates when it comes to ensuring their neighborhoods stay within community guidelines and continue looking clean-cut and perfectly polished. For HOA leaders, partnering with a reputable landscaper they can trust to get the job done right each and every time can be invaluable.

What makes this type of partnership so successful is that it’s a win-win for both parties: the homeowner’s association will have a reliable go-to expert for keeping their neighborhood in tip-top shape, and you’ll have a steady stream of work and income. Some landscapers are even able to focus their entire business model around supplying lawn care services for HOAs.

4. Home and Garden Shows

Local and regional home and garden shows attract hundreds – and even thousands – of attendees who are interested in learning about the latest remodeling and landscaping trends. In many cases, they’re also eager to learn about the companies who can help them bring their dream projects to life.

Search for home and garden shows in your area and reach out to them to learn about the ways local businesses can get involved. You may be able to set up a booth and invite attendees to learn about your services or sponsor a portion of the event and be recognized for your contribution. You might even be able to teach a workshop and show off your expertise, such as

caring for certain types of flowers or getting rid of pesky native weeds. Any of these suggestions would help you develop trust and brand recognition among the community.

5. Nonprofits and Charities

Donating landscaping services to nursing homes, women’s and children’s shelters, community centers, and other programs that aid the local community is a fantastic way to give back and show that your business values and appreciates your local area. It’s easier than you think to get started – simply offer your lawn care services pro bono to a charity, nonprofit, or other organization that you’d like to support.

For example, you could offer to build a small meditation garden at a shelter for women, to spruce up the front lawn of a local nonprofit office, or to build a butterfly garden at a nursing home. Not only will passerby get a glimpse of your talent, but they’ll also take note of your compassion (which consumers greatly appreciate in a local business).

6. Schools

Keeping in line with the theme of “giving back,” consider partnering up with a local school to donate your time, supplies, and landscaping expertise to a campus beautification project. Lead eager students, teachers, and other school volunteers in a mission to plant more trees, create an herb garden, or plant a bed of flowers using school colors. You’ll teach students the value of hard work and community service by leading as an example, and can also educate them about botany and the environment.

Not only will your good deed spread through word-of-mouth to the teachers and parents of the students you work with (opening countless doors for local landscaping opportunities), but the entire school network and community will appreciate your efforts. You can give back to your community and show off your quality work in a single partnership.

As the owner of a lawn care or landscaping business, it can be tough to push your brand and grow your clientele in a successful, sustainable way. But by seeking out community partnerships, you can strengthen your business and provide a real benefit to your partners, too.

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Personal Safety Equipment: What’s “Overkill” and What’s Non-Negotiable?

personal safety equipment

Many jobs across multiple industries require the use of personal safety equipment. Safety is always a good idea, but there are occasions when specialized safety gear is not only suggested, it’s a must.

It’s important to use the right type of equipment for each task or situation. Completing a job without proper personal safety protection or not enough precautions may lead to dangerous incidents. On the other hand, if too much protection is applied, it could lead to unsafe conditions as well.

Instead of going with the one-size-fits-all approach regarding your personal safety equipment, you must follow specific guidelines for each possible hazard and consider the area of the body that needs protection during a given job.

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Here are some factors to consider when determining whether your personal safety equipment is too much, too little, or just right.

Head Safety

One of the most vulnerable spots on a person’s body is their head. A head injury can be catastrophic. Head protection keeps a worker safe from falling objects, hazards they could bump into, and electrical shocks.  

The most common type of head protection is a hard hat. There are several different varieties of hard hats that vary from industry to industry and that depend on the line of work being completed. Instead of choosing the largest and heaviest hat by default, make sure your company takes time to identify the most appropriate headwear for employees on the job.  

Ear Protection

Ear protection is also part of a safe work setting. If your workplace exposes employees to high levels of noise, it may be necessary to equip them with protective headgear for their hearing.

There are two main types of ear protection: ear plugs and earmuffs. Ear plugs can be either disposable or a customized reusable variety. For jobs that require tasks with heavy machinery or other noisy tools, ear plugs may be appropriate. Alternatively, extended and heavy-duty ear protection may require earmuffs.

It is important to understand that employees who use heavy-duty hearing protection may not be able to hear much of anything at all. Ensure that your company is using the right amount of equipment for the job. Too much ear protection can make an employee less aware of his or her surroundings, which could lead to entirely new safety issues.  

Protective Glasses and Masks

Eye protection is another key component of personal safety equipment. Many companies utilize masks, darkened safety glasses, or protective goggles to help maintain a safe work space. Eye protection can help safeguard against debris or dust and can prevent eyes from being damaged by various types of lights or heat that may be used in your facility.   

While a large face mask may seem like the perfect way to protect eyes in almost any type of situation, they’re only appropriate for certain hazards. It’s best to go with OSHA’s recommendations for your industry so you can be sure your employees are able to complete their work safely and without losing their ability to properly see during their shift.  

Hand Protection

Industrial environments that require employees to work with or near hot or hazardous materials using their hands usually require the employer to provide protective safety gloves. This type of protection may range from heavy-duty thermal gloves to thin, disposable latex gloves.

It’s essential to match your line of work with the right type of glove. If you go with something that is thick and bulky, be sure your workers will be able to complete their job tasks without causing additional problems from possible mishandling of materials. On the other hand, choosing the thinnest type of glove protection possible may not be enough to keep your workers’ hands safe from dangerous substances.

Protective Shoes

Many industrial settings are dangerous for workers who aren’t wearing proper footwear. Some companies may need to provide their employees with specialized footwear protection, while others may benefit from insisting on simple toe guard boots that keep toes from being injured if something heavy falls on a worker’s foot. Some industries may benefit from requiring special shoes that prevent electricity buildup and spark creation.

If your organization wants to ensure your environment is as safe as possible, choose the shoe that fits your type of work. With all the different options out there, it can get confusing knowing which type of footwear works best with your workplace’s hazards. If you choose the biggest and heaviest steel-toed shoe, that may not be the best thing for your specific line of work. Putting too much protection on your employees’ feet could lead to more trips and falls around your facility or worksite.  

Whole Body Protection

Some lines of work require special whole-body protection. If there are possible hazards to the skin within the working environment, a worker must wear protective suiting. This suiting must provide protection while also maintaining enough air circulation so the employee can breathe and move comfortably.

There are 4 basic types of body protection suits a worker can wear in a toxic environment: disposable paper suits, leather protective suits, plastic gear, and neoprene protection suits. You must understand the various factors affecting your workplace when choosing the right suit, such as facility temperature, toxicity of substances, the purpose of the work, and the specific way your employee will be moving around during the procedures.

Choosing a suit that goes beyond your safety requirements could put an employee in danger. For example, picking a heavy leather suit when only a disposable suit is required could put an employee at risk of overheating. It’s best to carefully evaluate your employees’ working conditions and industry safety regulations before committing to any specific equipment.  


If you’re not sure where to start when choosing the proper type of personal safety equipment, assess your workplace’s hazard risks first. Once you understand the true dangers to your workers, you can then begin to outfit them in the right gear to help them do their jobs safely.

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The Ultimate Insurance Checklist for Your Heavy Equipment

heavy equipment insurance

If your business relies on the use of heavy construction equipment such as bulldozers, lift trucks, cranes, and front loaders, you are exposed to a significant amount of risks associated with the operation of these giant machines.

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To save yourself from potential machinery breakdowns that can lead to negative impacts or a halt your workflow, it’s crucial to make sure your heavy equipment is insured. Here’s a list of important factors you should know when getting insurance coverage for your construction equipment.

1. Equipment Breakdown Insurance

Disasters are unpredictable and can happen at moments when we think we are extremely well-prepared. When a critical accident takes place and causes a standstill, it adversely affects your business, leading to low productivity and unwanted costs toward repairs and replacement of the broken machinery.

That being said, it’s a good idea to get equipment breakdown insurance (also known as “boiler and machinery” insurance) since it covers exposures that are usually excluded in other property insurance policies. This coverage protects construction companies from sudden, unforeseen damages and common setbacks, including explosions, malfunctions, and breakdowns caused by fires, storms, and other natural disasters.

Equipment breakdown insurance covers a wide range of equipment types, such as electrical equipment, air conditioning systems, computers and telephones, hot water boilers, sterilizers, generators, motors and pumps, and ventilation systems. Depending on whether or not an insured item is repairable, the basis of compensation can be either partial or total. It’s best to contact your insurance agency to find out which of your heavy equipment qualifies for machinery  breakdown insurance.

2. Additional Coverage

A thorough risk management process does not stop at getting basic equipment breakdown insurance. Keep in mind that this coverage only takes care of the costs associated with repairing and replacing the impaired machine. You also need to think about other indirect damages and interruptions that can (and very often) spring up because of the broken equipment.

Here are some additional coverages that you might want to consider adding to your equipment breakdown policy.

  • Business Interruption: Loss of income and increased expenses might be even greater than the direct damage caused by broken equipment. As a result, if your business operation is suspended due to a breakdown, this additional coverage can protect your company against loss of income and continuing expenses.
  • Spoilage: Designed specifically for food processing companies, this coverage provides protection against loss or expenses due to spoilage resulting from an accident.
  • Contingent Time Element: This coverage offers indemnity for loss to your customers or suppliers as a consequence of equipment breakdown.
  • Rental Reimbursement: This covers the cost of renting a replacement until the damaged machine is fixed or you’ve acquired a new one.
  • Sub-limited Coverage: Depending on particular business needs, there are coverages designed for specific sub-limits, such as hazardous substances, water damage, medical supplies, data restoration, ammonia contamination, and so on.   

3. Leasing Your Equipment to Other Businesses

If you are leasing your heavy equipment, it is still important to get insurance – even if you are not responsible for repairing the leased equipment. Bear in mind that while many policies cover equipment that you own or loan to others, they may not cover your equipment while being loaned to others. Contact your insurance agency to make sure your policy is reviewed thoroughly before leasing your equipment to other businesses.

Contingent and excess liability insurance is a common coverage policy that protects the lessor’s interest. This coverage typically applies when the lessee’s policy is being denied or if the lessee is underinsured. For example, if the lessee is involved in an accident and they fail to maintain adequate insurance required by the lease agreement, this coverage can protect the lessor.  

In case the lessee’s insurance does not cover the leased equipment, it’s a good idea to get asset insurance. Under this coverage, the borrower is offered a convenient option to meet the insurance requirement of the lease. As a result, your business will be able to pass the cost of insurance to the lessee, which helps you prevent vicarious liability claims for accidents caused by the use of leased machinery.   

4. Utilizing Rental Equipment

On the other hand, if your business relies on leased equipment to operate (you are renting heavy machinery from someone else), you can be held liable for damage to the equipment. Many machinery lenders do not have coverage under their own contractors’ equipment policy. Furthermore, even if your equipment lessor is responsible for fixing machinery that’s down, you won’t get compensated for lost revenue resulting from business interruptions and indirect damages. In this case, you need to go the extra mile to get your own rental equipment coverage as it helps your business cover the loss during unexpected shutdowns.

It’s important to review your contract thoroughly when renting heavy equipment. Depending on your state, there will be different regulations applied. Likewise, rental equipment insurance policies vary widely due to the type of machinery and risk involved. Some rental businesses may ask that you purchase a policy on the equipment to cover its use.

Consult your insurance agency to explore different heavy equipment insurance options that can ensure your legal responsibility is well covered. They can also call the leasing company and speak to their insurance people on your behalf to find out more details regarding their policy.   


It might seem overwhelming to find the right insurance for your heavy equipment. Depending on your particular situation and needs, there are different rules to follow.

With that said, getting coverage for your construction machinery is vital to the risk management process of your company. Direct and indirect losses from equipment shutdowns can be detrimental to your bottom line, causing delays in your project’s timeline and making your productivity suffer. It’s highly recommended that you seek professional help to discuss the proper coverage for your heavy equipment and better manage your risks.

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The Science Behind Lawn Care: What’s Feeding Your Business?

seasonal lawn care

The secret to thick, lush, green grass isn’t as simple as installing a sprinkler system in the front yard – it’s a science, and therefore a bit more complicated.

What’s the point of understanding the science behind lawn care? There are several benefits that come from cultivating a healthy yard of grass. Here are just a few things it can do:

  • Reduce temperatures and cool the air
  • Effectively absorb noise and rainfall
  • Create oxygen
  • Prevent runoff and erosion
  • Help clean and remove pollutants from the air
  • Positively affect moods
  • Provide a safe place for outdoor activities and sports

Front, back, and side yards should all be treated equally, literally and metaphorically. This requires a bit of “get-to-know-you” type of research. What is the surrounding environment like? What is the lawn’s current state of health? Where is the most sunlight and where is the shade?

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Having some familiarity with a lawn is a key step in developing a suitable care routine. In order to do that, you have to start with exploring the science behind your customers’ yards.

Seeding and Aeration

Aeration is a process that mechanically removes plugs of soil and deposits them on top of the soil surface. As these cores break down, the surrounding soil – now relieved of compaction and newly oxygenated – will fill in the holes.

This is when it’s most beneficial to overseed the lawn with the most desirable blends of turf grass. For example, newer varieties of seed tend to have a higher resistance to disease and are better able to survive drought.

There are several stressors that can negatively impact the ability of turf grass to fill in naturally and thicken. Low fertility combined with summer stresses, diseases, and compaction can create many bare areas, large and small. The overseeding process thickens the lawn by placing new seed, and ultimately new grass plants, into these bare areas.


Because most lawn seed is a mixture of several different types of grass, it is best to fertilize in both spring and fall; however, all lawns need fertilizer in early spring when the grass begins to grow. The type of grass, fertilizer used, and the climate should dictate the fertilization schedule for the rest of the season. Be sure to identify these factors before selecting a fertilizer.

Here are the basic types of fertilizer that can be used:

1. Slow-release: This fertilizer doesn’t need to be used as often, but is typically more expensive.

2. Fast-release: You’ll yield quick results with a fast-release fertilizer, but they need to be applied in smaller amounts and more frequently. Be careful not to burn your lawn with this method. Using too much fast-release fertilizer allows for an extended period of direct contact with the grass.

3. Weed and Feed: Be sure to identify any weeds before using a weed and feed product. Also make sure that same weed is listed on the product label.

4. Organic Materials (such as compost and manure): Because the essential nutrients aren’t as concentrated in these types of materials, a larger amount must be used. Dry or compost manure before applying it to the lawn. Be aware that some manures, particularly horse manure, may contain weed seeds.

5. Liquid Fertilizers: These aren’t recommended because they are difficult to apply evenly and require frequent applications.

Water the lawn a few days before fertilizing to ensure the grass isn’t suffering from drought stress. Make sure the grass blades are completely dry to avoid any burning. Always be sure to fill the spreader on a driveway or over cement in order to sweep up spills easily.

Seasonal Care

Just as with our wardrobes, lawn care needs to change with the seasons in order to maintain a healthy turf year-round.

Early Spring (February – April)

Lawns wake up hungry in the spring. Feeding them strengthens roots before the heavy growing season begins. A good rule of thumb is to always feed the lawn around the first time it needs to be mowed.

Late Spring (April – June)

Lunchtime! Grass is busy in the spring and is using up stored energy, which is why it’s important to supply it with plenty of feed. Also keep in mind that certain types of weeds are actively growing, too. By using a combination weed & feed, you can kill two birds with one stone.

Summer (June – August)

Summer is often a rough time for grass. Stressors such as the heat, drought, foot traffic, and insects can deteriorate lawns quickly. In order to strengthen and protect them during this time, grassy areas should be fed over the summer months as they grow steadily from spring to fall.

Fall (September – November)

With fall comes ideal growing conditions. Cool nights, warm days, plenty of rainfall, and morning dew is a lawn’s paradise. The grass is ready to grow again and will need to replenish the nutrients lost during summer damage. Some experts say fall is the single-most important lawn feeding of the year, right before the winter napping months. This will strengthen roots and increase nitrogen storage for an early spring green-up and a healthier lawn next year.

Insects and Disease

Like any plant, lawns can encounter a variety of problems. Chewing insects, such as grasshoppers, may attack grass blades; burrowing critters, like gophers, may munch through grass roots and cause green tops to die. While it’s not too difficult to spot dying patches of a lawn, it’s often a challenge to detect exactly what is causing the problem and how best to

treat it.

A yard overridden with volcano-like mounds of soil and raised ridges running through the grass is suffering from none other than pesky moles. Moles tunnel through lawns to feast on insects, worms, and grubs, and are commonly found in overwatered lawns. The most effective way to rid a lawn of moles is by using a specific trap to catch the animal.

When it comes to identifying what’s chomping the lawn, don’t be afraid to rely on clues. With Japanese beetles, for instance, the beetles may be seen physically on the grass. Most likely, they’re laying eggs in the soil and not really feasting on turf. Keep an eye out for other small hints that might alert you to the culprits.


The best defense against pests is maintaining a healthy lawn, which requires constant care and attention. A spread of healthy, thick grass provides far more benefits than just curb appeal. By routinely watering, feeding, protecting, and manicuring your clients’ lawns, they also get a few things in return: clean, cooler air; a safe outdoor space; and a beautiful sight of green.

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